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While getting a beer as fresh as possible is great, aged beer can be pretty wonderful , so which beer should you pick up from the store? Well aging beer is unfortunately not as simple as letting a beer sit on a store shelf. Beer only ages correctly under the proper conditions.
Usually this means a cool, dry place around degrees Fahrenheit away from any direct light; so basically the opposite of a store shelf. Additionally, not all beer ages well. The long and short of it is that you should probably pay attention to dates on bottles, and try to pick up the freshest beer you can. Prior to the Civil War most of the beer produced in the U. These beer types were relatively high in alcohol and more highly hopped than the later - though enormously popular - lager beer styles.
It is likely that much of the early production of bottled beer was for a heavy, high alcohol, non-carbonated product, i. There were various bottle styles used for beer during the first half of the 19th century, though the dominant theme seems to be short and squatty with a moderate length neck. This is indicated by the first three bottles pictured here, all of which represent styles that were most commonly used from or prior to the Civil War. The earliest 19th century style of bottles were like the black glass bottle pictured above left and the deep aqua bottle pictured to the right.
The black glass bottle above is a dip molded ale or possibly liquor bottle with a glass-tipped pontil scar that most likely dates from the s as it was excavated from the Gold Rush country of California. Click on the following links to see more views of this bottle: Part II - Types or Styles of Finishes page as a separate finish type as it has been observed with some frequency on bottles attributed to the glassworks in the Pittsburgh, PA. The true green bottles pictured to the left and right are very typical short, squat, midth century beer ale, porter, stout bottles with fairly abrupt shoulders and comparatively tall, straight non-bulging necks.
Mineral finishes are most commonly seen on this style, though occasionally other finishes are present like the blob or oil finish. This distinct shape was and is often referred to as a "porter" or "porter bottle" von Mechow pers. The early example pictured to the left is embossed on one side - in a very distinct plate - with E. This particular bottle has a crudely applied mineral finish, a distinct iron or improved pontil scar or mark on the base, no evidence of air venting, and an overall crudity befitting its manufacturing date of about to Click on the following links to view more images of this bottle: The more generic porter bottle pictured to the right is an example of the somewhat later style variation being narrower in diameter 2.
A , has an applied mineral finish, and is not pontil scarred which is typical of the later post mid s porters. Click base view an image of this bottles base. The color of both these bottles is very typical of the porter and mineral water bottles made at the Dyottville Glass Works during the midth century and has been dubbed "Dyottville Green" by collectors. This style was offered frequently as a plate mold and proprietary embossing is very common on these bottle types during the era of popularity.
Big eastern seaboard cities like New York and Philadelphia had scores if not hundreds of different proprietary embossed examples made for local bottlers; generic bottles are also quite common von Mechow The two 10 to 12 oz. Of course, these bottles could have contained many other beverage type products like liquor or mineral water.
An interesting aspect of the illustrated bottles is that they appear to be precursors to the two dominant beer shapes that follow this section. Specifically, the medium green bottle to the right could be envisioned as a early form of the "export" beer bottle style; the black glass very dark olive amber example to the left could be seen as a precursor to the "champagne" style of beer bottle.
Both pictured bottles are likely American made, date from the to era and share almost total similarity in the method of manufacture, i. Similar versions of these styles were also manufactured in Europe and imported into the U.
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It is often difficult or even impossible to ascertain with certainty whether similarly shaped and manufactured bottle - including these specific bottles - were made in the U. Lager beer was first noted as being produced in Philadelphia, PA. The lighter, crisper flavor of lagers appealed to a wide cross section of the population where climates were warmer and lighter beers more refreshing though pre-Prohibition lagers were of higher body than most modern examples.
This leads into the next sections which cover bottles primarily intended for lager beers, though these other bottle styles were likely used for porter, ale, and stout which did not disappear with the rise of lager popularity though almost did with National Prohibition. Other images of early beer bottles are available by clicking on the following links.
This helps show a bit of the subtle diversity of shape found in these bottles: The early porter, stout, and ale bottles with the shapes noted above typically date from the s or earlier. During and after the s, these general styles faded from popularity as the other styles covered below rose in popularity. The squatty style for beer never totally died out with some English beer bottles still bearing a resemblance to the style empirical observations. The squatty "porter" shape - as some glassmakers called it - was actually still being produced as late as IGCo. Given this wide range of manufacture, the dating of the "porter" style bottles and the stout styles also must be based on manufacturing based diagnostic features as discussed on other pages within this website.
Also see Tod von Mechow's exceptional website on early soda, mineral water and beer bottles at the following link for more information on specific diagnostic features of these type bottles - including the use of various finish types - which can help refine the dating: Return to the top of this page.
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The "export" style of beer bottle picture to left has a long history dating back to at least the early to mid s in the forms shown here, with precursor examples dating back long before that time. This general style of beer bottle is still widely used today for lager beers, though they are also used by modern "microbreweries" for almost any style of beer, e. The name "export" apparently is derived from the major exporting business conducted by the St. Louis breweries after the pasteurization process was applied to beer bottling in the early s. Much of this production was shipped - "exported" - to the Western states and Territories Year Book Of interest, export beer bottles were often used or more likely re-used for soda, cider and sarsaparilla, at least in the frontier West where bottles of any type were likely in short supply during much of the 19th century.
Click on orange cider "export beer" label to see the fragmental label on a "quart" export beer - similar to the bottle to the left - found at the historic Fort Bowie Arizona that dates from the s. It notes that the product last contained in the bottle was orange cider. Pictured bottle in the National Park Service's Ft. All of the partially labeled export beer bottles with soda, sarsaparilla, or cider labels found at Fort Bowie were from an unknown Lordsburg, NM. Other names for this style are few as the majority of glass makers used the term "export beer" to describe this shape IGCo. The export style of beer bottle has a body length that is usually equal to or a bit taller than the height of the shoulder, neck, and finish combined.
They usually also have a somewhat distinct though variable bulge to the neck and a relatively slim to moderate diameter body. The bulging neck is thought by some to be a way to deal with the foam when pouring or bottling? More likely the bulging neck is simply just a stylistic feature that was esthetic, popular, and traditional, as shown by the noted precursor bottles.
The shoulder of the export style is distinct but short and fairly sharply angled in from the shoulder to where the neck begins; see the export bottle pictures here and compare to the "champagne" style that follows. The export shape is strongly linked to lager beers which were first bottled around Wilson Early bottle makers catalogs listed export beer bottles in a limited range of sizes, though often with several sizes within the sizes available. Bottle makers would often call the smaller capacity bottles - smaller than the nominal name size - "scant" capacities and the full size the "full measure" version; both very descriptive Wightman ca.
The finishes on export beers include the typical types used on carbonated beverages.
Earlier mid s to early s examples usually had some type of a two-part mineral finish like the bottle to the right with various forms of the blob finishes also common from the early s to mid s picture above. An aqua colored quart export style bottle with a blob finish dating between is at this link - Honolulu Brewing Company.
Antique Beer Bottles
This is the company that originated "Primo Beer" and were in business under the name Honolulu Brewing Co. After the late s, crown finishes began to become popular and by the early to mid s dominated beer and soda bottles. A crown finish is pictured on the labeled bottle in lower left corner of this box. The amber bottle pictured to the right is a "quart" approx. This bottle has an applied mineral finish with glass slop over onto the neck, lacks air venting with the related rounded embossing , and was produced in a post-bottom mold, though this latter fact is hard to ascertain since the post-bottom mold seam is very close to the outside edge of the base near the heel.
With these manufacturing related features, this bottle likely dates from the mids to early s. Boca Beer was produced by a brewing company in Boca, CA. Click on the following links for more images of this bottle: This bottle also has a large section in the back where the outlines of a screw or rivet secured plate can be seen. This was likely a repair to a weak spot to the mold, though that is not certain.
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The deep cobalt blue export style beer pictured to the far left is a "pint" approx. It also has an applied mineral finish and likely dates from between the mids to mids. These deep blue export beer bottles are also frequently found made in two-piece post-bottom molds with the initials A. The s era trade card to the left advertises a popular brand of "Liquid Bread" that came in cobalt blue export style beer bottles; a distinctly blue example is shown in the right hand of the nurse or nun?! Liquid bread was a name for malt beverages which were purported to have health restoring qualities, though it was likely just plain old beer.
Click on the following links to view more pictures of this bottle: Cobalt export beer bottles are fairly common during the s to early s and apparently were only produced in the "pint" oz. Cecil Munsey has written an excellent article on the "Liquid Bread" bottles which is available at this link: These bottles have applied mineral finishes, lack air venting with the resulting rounded embossing , and were produced in a post-bottom mold.
Budweiser quickly became one of the most popular brands of lager beer due to pasteurization which allowed for national distribution. Click on the following links to see more images of these bottles: The pint example on the right has fairly heavy patination or staining which is a result of the reaction of the glass with the chemicals in the soil.
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For more information on C. Tracking the Elusive Monogram: This company did business under that name from to when it became the Heidelberg Brewing Co. Owens-Illinois and many other companies produced and still do export style beer bottles in primarily the 12 oz. One major difference between recent and early to midth century export beers is the weight of the glass.
A currently produced 12 oz. The WWII era examples were made a bit lighter because of war effort related government restrictions, but became even lighter after that time for other reasons, e. Click on the following links to view more images of the bottle to the right: See the machine-made bottle dating page Question 11 for much more information on the dating of this particular bottle. This style of export beer with a narrow lower ring neck was commonly produced from just after the repeal of National Prohibition in to the early s by numerous glass producers empirical observations.
Other images of export beer bottles are available by clicking on the following links. This bottle has a tooled crown finish, was blown in a post-bottom mold, and has multiple air venting marks on the shoulder 3 on each side and a single one on each side of the neck near the middle. Click on the following links for more images of the illustrated bottle: This size is a "quart" actually 22 to 26 oz. The Gambrinus Brewing Co.
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The combination of the glass maker and brewing company information in hand with the crown finish which was not really used until about ; see the Bottle Closures page for more information indicates a manufacturing date range of between and The noted multiple air venting marks indicate a higher probability of dating from the last half of that range, i.
It should also be noted that export beer bottles like this - with and without proprietary embossing - were one of the most commonly produced bottles - of any type - from the mids to National Prohibition and very commonly have various makers marks on the base. As a side note, Gambrinus was known as the "patron saint of beer" and a name used by many American breweries during the late 19th and early 20th centuries - and even today in one instance Van Wieren Often various images of "King Gambrinus" - who was as much myth as fact - was used on the labels and advertising of these breweries.
As noted, the export style of beer bottle was made for an very long time, i. Mouth blown examples were produced in both turn molds and two-piece molds with either a cup-bottom or post-bottom configuration. During the mouth-blown era s to mids the export style was much more popular in the West than the champagne style Martin ; Ayres et. Given this, the general dating of the export style bottle must be done using manufacturing based diagnostic features - see the Bottle Dating pages for more dating information - or by searching the historical record when the company or product related embossing or labeling allows for such like some of the examples pictured here.
By far the best source of information on the origin and history of the export style beer bottle is found in a recently published article by Bill Lockhart. It is available on this website at the following link: Like the export style beer bottle discussed above, the "champagne" style of beer bottle also has a long history including use up to the present day. The champagne style appears to have been first used for bottling beer about the same time as the export style, i. This basic style was also called the "lager" or "select" beer style by some glass makers.
The early 20th century Illinois Glass Company catalogs note that company made both the champagne and select beer bottle styles, though in the illustrations it is difficult to see any substantive difference between the two with the exception that the transition between the shoulder and neck is less distinct with the select style. The three bottles pictured last in this section all pretty closely fit the illustration of the "select" style.
A comparison of those three bottles with the first two pictured on the left side of this section does show the less distinct shoulder to neck transition which is subtle. By the s many companies were calling the champagne style the "select" though it was indistinguishable in the illustrations from the earlier champagne style beers IGCo.
A very similar bottle to the champagne style is the Apollinaris style bottle which was used primarily for mineral water, but certainly saw duty as a beer bottle too. In at least one early s catalog, the Apollinaris style is listed right next to the export beer indicating that it was offered as an alternative to the export style Fairmount s. On this website we refer to this class of beer bottles usually as simply the champagne style.
The champagne style beer bottle has a moderate height body with almost vertically parallel sides and a long, steep, sloping shoulder which starts gradually and merges seamlessly into the neck. The height of the shoulder and neck in combination is usually equal to or a bit more than the height of the body, though the break between body, shoulder, and neck is often not obvious in some examples.
Unlike most "true" champagne bottles, champagne beer bottles do not have a deeply indented base push-up and are not typically found with a champagne finishes, though that finish does occur occasionally on beer bottles. Almost all of the earlier pre to mouth-blown champagne beers have variable blob finishes, like the first three bottles pictured here, with occasional crown finishes by the mid to late s.